When you see CodeBot, you can tell right away it’s eager to show off how those motors and wheels work!
In the following steps, be careful as you run your programs! You’ll need some space to let the ‘bot move around. Also, it’s helpful if your USB cable is long enough to allow a bit of movement.
Of course, your programs can run without the USB cable attached, so feel free to unplug after loading the code onto the ‘bot.
1. Power up a wheel¶
Enter the following code in CodeSpace to get the LEFT wheel running:
from botcore import * import time motors.enable(True) # Run LEFT motor at 50% power forward for 1 second motors.run(LEFT, 50) time.sleep(1.0) motors.enable(False)
2. Spin in place¶
The following shows off rotation:
from botcore import * import time motors.enable(True) # Run LEFT motor forward and RIGHT motor backward for 1 second motors.run(LEFT, 50) motors.run(RIGHT, -50) time.sleep(1.0) motors.enable(False)
3. Drive in a SQUARE¶
Can you make CodeBot drive in a square?
- The code below starts by defining two functions:
go_straight()drives in a straight line for one second.
turn_right()rotates to the right (clockwise) for half a second.
- Take a look at the code below before you run it.
- How long will the sides of the square be?
- Will the ‘bot turn proper (90 °) corners?
As you might guess, using motor power levels and time delays is not a very precise way to move the ‘bot. You will need to adjust power levels and time durations to make your square nice and neat.
from botcore import * import time def go_straight(): # Forward 1 sec motors.run(LEFT, 50) motors.run(RIGHT, 50) time.sleep(1.0) def turn_right(): # Rotate right (try for 90 deg) motors.run(LEFT, +20) motors.run(RIGHT, -20) time.sleep(0.5) motors.enable(True) # Loop 4 times. A square has 4 sides, right? for i in range(4): go_straight() turn_right() motors.enable(False)
Consider what you learned in Lights On.
Can you blink an LED every second while driving in a square at the same time?
This sort of multitasking can be challenging when using the
time.sleep methods we’ve shown
so far. That’s because
sleep() is a blocking function - meaning your code has to wait until
the sleep is over before doing anything else.
The next lesson introduces an awesome method to overcome this problem: event-driven programming!